A new National Science Foundation-funded survey of six states has discovered that during the past 8 weeks, more individuals are wearing masks, vaccine uncertainty is rising, and lots of individuals are overestimating their danger of becoming ill and dying from COVID-19 seriously.
The answers are in a brand new report published, a team greater than 15 scholars around the world which includes University of Central Florida associate professor Lindsay Neuberger.
“Certainly one of our primary goals would be to get essential COVID-19 data to the hands of policymakers to try and help guide not just policy but in addition the effective communication of the policies to boost public health,” says Neuberger, who’s with UCF’s Nicholson School of Communication and Media.
“These data provide valuable insights into public perceptions and behavior and demonstrate where messaging ought to be focused, such as for instance priority populations, and potential pathways for effective communication,” she says.
The survey, in August conducted, is the second of a three-part, six-month study that’s examining behaviors and perceptions in a reaction to the danger of COVID-19. June the very first survey was completed in late May and early.
Respondents from the initial survey were surveyed for another round to track any changes again.
More than 2,000 people taken care of immediately the next survey. The respondents were from Colorado, Idaho, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Washington and michigan.
The researchers selected the continuing states to recapture variation in U.S. social and demographic factors.
The researchers unearthed that since late May and early, indoor mask wearing in public areas has increased one of the respondents from 66% in the very first survey to 79% in the 2nd survey.
Although the reasons with this cannot be determined from the survey, Neuberger says the increase could be the results of more evidence that supports mask wearing and a growth in mask policies at state, local and business levels.
Survey respondents least prone to wear a mask in indoor, public spaces were conservative men with senior school and significantly less than a four-year degree education levels.
Neuberger says one good way to reach people not wearing masks might be to pay attention to efficacy in risk communication messaging.
“Our data suggest among the strongest predictors of mask wearing is really efficacy — and so the beliefs any particular one is both in a position to wear a mask and the fact a mask may be effective while we are avoiding a risk,” she says. “I’ve not seen many efficacy-boosting messages, and I do believe that could be a powerful approach for future messaging.”
The respondents, typically, perceived that they had a 30% chance they’d contract the virus next 3 months, a 2% increase from survey one.
They perceived they’d 36% potential for getting seriously ill from COVID-19 and a 23% possibility of dying as a result, up 2 and 1%, respectively, from survey one.
The researchers say that although individual risk is difficult to calculate as a result of differences in people’s choices to social distance, wear protection and their pre-existing conditions, that is an overestimation of COVID-19 risks.
Current data from Johns Hopkins University estimates there’s a 97% survival rate for COVID-19. However, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that individuals of any age with certain underlying health conditions are at a heightened risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
Will People Get Vaccines?
People intending to get yourself a vaccine decreased from 54 to 46% from the first to ever second survey.
The major causes they did not want to obtain a vaccine included: vaccine safety, vaccine effectiveness and high potential cost.
Respondents stated which they received nearly all of their COVID-19 information from television if using traditional media and Facebook if using social networking.
Qualtrics, a U.S.-based survey company, conducted the surveys through its online panels by which people join take surveys for a fee.
Qualtrics implemented quotas to recruit an example for each suggest that is roughly representative of the state’s age, ethnicity and race, and income demographics centered on U.S. Census data.
Due to the attrition around 900 respondents from the initial survey in excess of 3,000 individuals, there clearly was an increased proportion of young, white, female respondents in accordance with census demographics for every single continuing state.
The group will distribute the next survey, and the following report will be offered at the group’s website (https://www.riskandsocialpolicy.org/), where in actuality the survey one report are available.
In addition to UCF, other universities active in the scholarly study included Duke University, Colorado School of Public Health, VERMONT State University, the University of Colorado Denver, Bentley University, University of Nevada Reno, University of Maryland, Montana State University and Wayne State University.
Neuberger earned her doctorate in communication with a specialization in health insurance and politics from Michigan State University and her master’s in communication and bachelor’s in political science and communication from Wake Forest University. She’s a professional in health, risk and strategic communication. Neuberger joined UCF’s Nicholson School of Communication and Media, element of UCF’s College of Sciences, in 2011, is just a person in UCF’s Sustainable Coastal Systems Cluster, and can be an affiliate faculty member in UCF’s Women’s and Gender Studies program.